Thursday, August 27, 2020

The Benefits of Ethnographic Research

The Benefits of Ethnographic Research To become acquainted with your subject, one must be inundated with the subject so as to increase significant data in regards to the traditions, culture, and frameworks of life from another culture other than your own. Drenching oneself can be a monotonous task that lays ahead. In any case, on the off chance that you are cautious and accomplished with respect to the investigation of ethnography, at that point this job needing to be done ought not be as dreary as one may might suspect. Ethnography is the investigation of different societies with clear and basic principles to draw in communication among non-Western social orders. We will initially depict the investigation of ethnography in this paper to shape the premise of what ethnography truly is rather than what the examination could be. The investigation of ethnography has had three significant changes in the arrangement of ethnography which will likewise be a concentration in this conversation in this paper with the goal that we can more readily comprehend and utilize the investigation of ethnography as anthropologists. There are likenesses and contrasts between the three changes which will inspected to completely accumulate the significance of the changes. We will likewise survey a case of a genuine ethnographic examination to give the conversation proof that the ethnographic investigation has clear principles and rules to depict different societies. To add to our conversation, we will take an assessment of ethnography whereby we will take a gander at the advantages and disadvantages of utilizing this strategy for request. The motivation behind this paper is to audit the significance of learning the investigation of ethnography to do the most ideal approach to consider different societies other than our own which incorporates the member perception technique. The following segment will characterize what ethnography is, the means by which anthropologists use ethnography, and cautiously talk about why anthropologists use ethnography when examining different societies. The Study of Ethnography? We regularly underestimate the significance of finding out about different societies and people groups who live outside our networks, nonetheless, if there are endeavors to find out about others, we can start to comprehend the significance of similitudes among human civic establishments and social orders. There is an investigation that reviews the significance of different societies just as during the procedure we find out about ourselves. We originate from a position of lavishness, where the cutting edge world permits us Westerners to have everything available to us; along these lines we should be mindful when we find out about different societies particularly from places with non-Western methods of getting things done. There are anyway sure structures and rules that are utilized for this reason explicitly. These rules are created by anthropologists who utilize these rules to consider different people groups societies in non-Western countries. Anthropologists verified that the examination called ethnography would be the reason for contemplating different societies than their own. Ethnography is the methodical investigation of different societies by utilization of perception, cooperation perception, and what I will coin the term, interest perception consideration. Ethnography is basically used to assemble in a logical way the proof to show that how and why gatherings of individuals decided to live as they do. Ethnography is all the more critically utilized in purposes to play out a coherent and spread out content to control all ethnographic work. A few models were given in our course book by Schultz. Ethnography is basically the type of perception, whereby the anthropologist watches the activities, ceremonies, and customs of a general public. Three Changes in Ethnography We have now inspected and characterized what ethnography is and why we utilize such a strategy for request when contemplating different societies that may contrast inconceivably from our own specific manners. Early establishing anthropologists utilized explicitly perception to examine societies around the globe which established the framework for finding out about human culture, which lead to the primary change in ethnography. The primary change included not being solely objective, rather they got mindful of their predispositions. These early anthropologists realized that there were types of emotional ness in their works delivered and distributed; in this way, halfway discolored. This first change additionally included not having the option to be totally undetectable. The subjects knew about the anthropologist considering them from a remote place (Schultz:2005). The subsequent change originate from the main change where the subjects were concentrated as above yet the anthropologists additionally included support of the subject. They were presently mindful of the advantages of posing inquiries so as to contrast with the really activities of the subjects. At the point when we ask the members, we are incorporating the subjects with the examination which is more advanced than simply gaining from a separation. Anthropologists utilizing this strategy for request turned out to be increasingly vulnerable to more data that helped them comprehend the likenesses and contrasts of different societies among ourselves. Ultimately, the third significant change in ethnography was the utilization of numerous destinations for areas of social event data. Numerous anthropologists were unconscious of the different destinations of areas that members took part in that this data of various locales may have been assembled when anthropologists asked members inquiries of day by day living. We have assessed the three changes in ethnography and we can infer that there are noteworthy changes that prompted the cutting edge ethnography that is as yet being idealized at this very moment. Similitudes and Differences of the Three Changes in Ethnography There are a few likenesses and contrasts among the progressions of ethnography. The similitudes are they all require the investigation of the subjects, they all despite everything accumulate proof to help their contentions, and the last comparability is that they all attempt their best to consider the most ideal way imaginable. The distinctions were softly contacted above yet to get further in conversation, we can see the distinctions as methods of improving.â One significant contrast is that the main change and the subsequent change came out of deluding society about other cultures.â The implications happened because of the biased practices from the result of the anthropologists.â Another distinction is that the third change turned out to be more comprehensive than the different past two changes in ethnography. The two similitudes and contrasts are imperative to blueprint to give a basic review of the subject of ethnography and its progressions to improve the strategy for request. Effects of the Three Changes There were effects of the three changes in the investigation of ethnography, which incorporate having a progressively stable strategy for request, increasingly expound nitty gritty portrayals of the social orders they contemplated, and there is greater affectability towards subjects.â The technique for request, member perception, was improved with the three changes by methods of including members themselves.â This permits the specialist/anthropologists to completely overwhelm their selves into the general public they are considering. Past anthropologists who laid the foundation for humanities were Malinowski and Varandeh (Classnotes:2010).â They both created ethnographical hands on work to all the more likely investigation the way of life they were intrigued in.â One significant effect was the prologue to Reflexivity.â When an anthropologist is reflexive, they are progressively mindful of their suspicions and position they are working and forcing on (Classnotes:2010).â An Example of Ethnography that ought to have used the Three Changes The anthropologist, Jean Briggs, considered the Utkuhikhalingmiut (Utku, for short) in northern Canada in endeavors to assemble ethnographic examination (Schultz; 2005). She was drafted into the network anyway there was a misconception that kept her from continuing with her ethnographic study.â The Utku couldn't completely speak with the anthropologist and along these lines got baffled with the anthropologists activities and misunderstandings.â In short the anthropologist had a troublesome time in social occasion significant data that she wound up looking for help from a nearby Utku who could assist her with the correspondence process.â The anthropologist required something other than the investigation of ethnography; Schultz recommends that there ought to be more work this way (2005).â The Utku is an incredible case of how the anthropologist ought to have used the three changes in ethnography, which are member perception and various sites.â The case of the ethnographic exa mination above was given in this article to give a point by point clarification of how ethnography can even now require improvements.â The utilization of affectability is basic to comprehend others paying little heed to various societies or races.â The utilization of affectability permits analysts to comprehend that we are individuals with sentiments, reactions, and contemplations that the anthropologist would act dubious if there were no human impacts of doing such research. For instance, Briggs, the anthropologist examined above, was not touchy to the way that these individuals of the north communicate in a local language that could never have similar implications in English. Â So there ought to have been a type of consciousness of this before going out and doing hands on work in ethnographic strategies for inquiry.â Soon there will be taught local individuals performing ethnographical examinations who go into their own networks communicating in their own dialects that will make the ethnographic exploration more viable.â These three changes have greatly affected ethnography. Basic Evaluation of Ethnography We have discovered that there are three significant changes in the manner anthropologists direct ethnographic exploration and that there must be a comprehension from all territories of the examination range. Ethnography is the investigation of different societies and there were huge changes in the manner anthropologists perform perceptions of the other cultures.â These progressions profited generally the general public the anthropologists were concentrating yet the anthropologists additionally increased an altered type of get-together information.â The effects are impor

Saturday, August 22, 2020

DEATH Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Passing - Essay Example He does this as a signal of recognition, to ideally shield his sibling from concentrating on the negative parts of him being endlessly, and rather recollect the affectionate occasions both of them had partaken in the vehicle. At the point when Henry at last leaves, the vehicle is by all accounts the main encouraging similarity for Lyman, of the occasions they had spent together. The pictures of a sound, upbeat Henry are typified in the soul of the red convertible, and these extraordinary recollections are what keep Lyman from straying into distress. A portion of the unwinding and substance contemplations Lyman evokes are ones where they had no particular of goal, throughout the late spring when there were going in the vehicle. â€Å"We took off driving each of the one summer,† and the story proceeds to show how glad and settled the two of them were, discovering spots in regions where they felt â€Å"so comfortable†, Henry is delineated as feeling sufficiently quiet to fall, â€Å"asleep with his arms tossed wide† (Erdrich 2002). Lyman keeps on getting a handle on onto these visual recollections he raises, fully expecting those equivalent affections for when his sibling will at last re turn. The vehicle itself is the thing that represents the bond among them, even with a huge span of partition isolating them. At last, Henry gets back in the story yet it’s clear he has changed; things are simply not the equivalent. â€Å"Henry in light of the fact that calm and restless† (814). Frequently he disconnected himself and despite the fact that he was there, his psyche appeared to be elsewhere. It showed up war and the white keeps an eye on culture had negatively affected him and every one of that was there for him was offensiveness. This is clear in the story when, one night they all assemble around the supper table and heretofore, Henry has bit down into his lip so hard from disappointment that he sits with blood spilling down his jaw, speculating how seriously he needed to be finished with American ways, in his brain and in his life (817). This is agent

Friday, August 21, 2020

Blog Archive B-School Chart of the Week Why Do You Want an MBA

Blog Archive B-School Chart of the Week Why Do You Want an MBA Although quantifying a school’s profile certainly does not tell you everything, it can sometimes be helpful in simplifying the many differences between the various MBA programs. Each week, we bring you a chart to help you decide which of the schools’ strengths speak to you. We recently surveyed a number of visitors to our site to get a feel for the concerns, plans, and mind-sets of this season’s MBA applicants. Now the results are in, and for those who are curious about their fellow applicants’ views on business school, we will be sharing some of the collected data in our B-School Chart of the Week blog series. A common question business school candidates encounter both in their personal lives and as part of the application process is essentially “Why do you want (or need) an MBA?” So we naturally included this query in our informal survey of site visitors earlier this year. The majority of respondentsâ€"43.6%â€"said they planned to attend business school to change their career path. This seemed generally in line with what we saw last season, when we asked candidates whether they planned to change careers or return to their already established profession. The results for that question were split evenly, with each option accounting for 50% of the responses. To “improve business skills” was the second most common response, with 38.5% stating this intention. A much smaller proportion of respondents, 10.2%, cited the desire to expand their professional networks as their main reason for getting an MBA, and although conversations about business school often turn to the topic of salary, only 5.2% of those in our survey pinpointed “make more money” as their primary motivator. Similarly, just 2.6% indicated that they were pursuing the degree to advance in their current profession. Share ThisTweet B-School Charts

Monday, May 25, 2020

Angkor Wat, Cambodia

The temple complex at Angkor Wat, just outside of Siem Reap, Cambodia, is world famous for its intricate lotus blossom towers, its enigmatic smiling Buddha images and lovely dancing girls (apsaras), and its geometrically perfect moats and reservoirs. An architectural jewel, Angkor Wat itself is the largest religious structure in the world. It is the crowning achievement of the classical Khmer Empire, which once ruled most of Southeast Asia. The Khmer culture and the empire alike were built around a single critical resource: water. Lotus Temple on a Pond: The connection with water is immediately apparent at Angkor today. Angkor Wat (meaning Capital Temple) and the larger Angkor Thom (Capital City) are both surrounded by perfectly square moats. Two five-mile-long rectangular reservoirs glitter nearby, the West Baray and the East Baray. Within the immediate neighborhood, there are also three other major barays and numerous small ones. Some twenty miles to the south of Siem Reap, a seemingly inexhaustible supply of freshwater stretches across 16,000 square kilometers of Cambodia. This is the Tonle Sap, Southeast Asias largest freshwater lake. It may seem odd that a civilization built on the edge of Southeast Asias great lake should need to rely on a complicated irrigation system, but the lake is extremely seasonal. During the monsoon season, the vast amount of water pouring through the watershed causes the Mekong River to actually back up behind its delta, and begin to flow backward. The water flows out over the 16,000 square kilometer lake-bed, remaining for about 4 months. However, once the dry season returns, the lake shrinks down to 2,700 square kilometers, leaving the Angkor Wat area high and dry. The other problem with Tonle Sap, from an Angkorian point of view, is that it is at a lower elevation than the ancient city. Kings and engineers knew better than to site their wonderful buildings too close to the erratic lake/river, but they did not have the technology to make water run uphill. Engineering Marvel: In order to provide a year-round supply of water for irrigating rice crops, the engineers of the Khmer Empire connected a region the size of modern-day New York City with an elaborate system of reservoirs, canals, and dams. Rather than using the water of Tonle Sap, the reservoirs collect monsoon rainwater and store it for the dry months. NASA photographs reveal the traces of these ancient waterworks, hidden at ground level by the thick tropical rainforest. A steady water supply allowed for three or even four plantings of the notoriously thirsty rice crop per year and also left enough water for ritual use. According to Hindu mythology, which the Khmer people absorbed from Indian traders, the gods live on the five-peaked Mount Meru, surrounded by an ocean. To replicate this geography, the Khmer king Suryavarman II designed a five-towered temple surrounded by an enormous moat. Construction on his lovely design began in 1140; the temple later came to be known as Angkor Wat. In keeping with the aquatic nature of the site, each of Angkor Wats five towers is shaped like an unopened lotus blossom. The temple at Tah Prohm alone was served by more than 12,000 courtiers, priests, dancing girls and engineers at its height - to say nothing of the empires great armies, or the legions of farmers who fed all the others. Throughout its history, the Khmer Empire was constantly at battle with the Chams (from southern Vietnam) as well as different Thai peoples. Greater Angkor probably encompassed between 600,000 and 1 million inhabitants - at a time when London had perhaps 30,000 people. All of these soldiers, bureaucrats, and citizens relied upon rice and fish - thus, they relied upon the waterworks. Collapse: The very system that allowed the Khmer to support such a large population may have been their undoing, however. Recent archaeological work shows that as early as the 13th century, the water system was coming under severe strain. A flood evidently destroyed part of the earthworks at West Baray in the mid-1200s; rather than repairing the breach, the Angkorian engineers apparently removed the stone rubble and used it in other projects, idling that section of the irrigation system. A century later, during the early phase of what is known as the Little Ice Age in Europe, Asias monsoons became very unpredictable. According to the rings of long-lived po mu cypress trees, Angkor suffered from two decades-long drought cycles, from 1362 to 1392, and 1415 to 1440. Angkor had already lost control of much of its empire by this time. The extreme drought crippled what remained of the once-glorious Khmer Empire, leaving it vulnerable to repeated attacks and sackings by the Thais. By 1431, the Khmer people had abandoned the urban center at Angkor. Power shifted south, to the area around the present-day capital at Phnom Pehn. Some scholars suggest that the capital was moved to better take advantage of coastal trading opportunities. Perhaps the upkeep on Angkors waterworks was simply too burdensome. In any case, monks continued to worship at the temple of Angkor Wat itself, but the rest of the 100 temples and other buildings of the Angkor complex were abandoned. Gradually, the sites were reclaimed by the forest. Although the Khmer people knew that these marvelous ruins stood there, amidst the jungle trees, the outside world did not know about the temples of Angkor until French explorers began to write about the place in the mid-nineteenth century. Over the past 150 years, scholars and scientists from Cambodia and around the world have worked to restore the Khmer buildings and unravel the mysteries of the Khmer Empire. Their work has revealed that Angkor Wat truly is like a lotus blossom - floating atop a watery realm. Photo Collections from Angkor: Various visitors have recorded Angkor Wat and surrounding sites over the past century. Here are some historic photos of the region. Margaret Hays photos from 1955. National Geographic/Robert Clarks photos from 2009. Â   Sources Angkor and the Khmer Empire, John Audric. (London: Robert Hale, 1972). Angkor and the Khmer Civilization, Michael D. Coe. (New York: Thames and Hudson, 2003). The Civilization of Angkor, Charles Higham. (Berkeley: University of California Press, 2004). Angkor: Why an Ancient Civilization Collapsed, Richard Stone. National Geographic, July 2009, pp. 26-55.

Thursday, May 14, 2020

The Poverty Rate Of Texas Children - 1277 Words

â€Å"The fact that our poverty rate is increasing is something that I think is very alarming to those of us who care very much about the health and welfare of children and see the investment in children as really the future of Texas,† said Beth Quill, executive director of Children’s Defense Fund Texas. This goes to show basically a full quarter of Texas children are poor based on these statistics. Poverty is very important because these children are the future of this world. Children who are born into poverty are more likely to live in poverty and less likely to have consistent employments as adults. To prevent this from happening there are 3 solutions that I have done extensive research on to make this happen. Therefore these solutions consist of raising the minimum wage, expanding Medicaid and reforming the way the criminal justice system works. Based on the statistics of Poverty on Texas, I concluded that the poverty rate of Texas children is 7.5% points higher tha n the poverty rate of the total Texas population. At the age of less than 18 years old, 25% of the children in Texas are dealing with poverty. The poverty rate for Texas is 17.5% which is a huge number when it comes to this situation. There are many different causes of poverty in Texas. These include droughts and flooding’s, natural disasters, social inequality and even having to do with the government by having to afford primary healthcare, food, education, housing and essential goods. Health is a hugeShow MoreRelatedCalifornia And Texas Welfare Programs906 Words   |  4 Pagesand Texas Welfare Programs Poverty and unemployment are two national issues. Every counties are trying to solve them because these problems can lead to some serious problems later such as criminal problems, health problems, or economic problems in countries. 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Childhood poverty affects every aspect of their life. â€Å"Poverty is not having income for basic needs, food, medical care or basic needs and housing† (Crosson-Tower, 2014, p. 59). Poverty is affecting thousands of Americans every day, and it isn t sparing anyone of a particular race, age or gender, leaving people on welfare, and without homes, or transportation. Poverty is a crisis that deserves attention from everyone,Read MoreMigrant Youth : The United States847 Words   |  4 Pagescountries in search of the American Dream. This dream entails the belief that their lives can be improved because of the various amounts of opportunities in United States. Due to this, thousands of migrant youth move from Central and South America to Texas in search for a better life. By crossing the Rio Grande border, the migrant youth are escaping the corruption and violence in their native country. Although the migrant youth are in search of a better life in America, the United States has a policy

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Public Health Information Of A Ceo Or Top Executive

I do not believe that as a shareholder I am entitled to receive private health information of a CEO or other top executives of the company in the extent that they are seriously ill. I believe this because of HIPAA laws. Any employee of a company no matter how high up the ladder they are everyone is covered by this law. This law states that it covers individuals past, present, or future physical or mental health or condition, the provision of health care to the individual, and the past, present, or future payment for the provision of health care to the individual. So by law the CEO and other top executives have the option to disclose their health issue or not just like any other person or employee has this right whether or not to disclose private health information. If a CEO or top executive is seriously ill, it is an issue between them and their family not shareholders as they need to figure out a plan for recovery. It is the same way, if the CEO or top executive is going through a d ivorce that is a personal family matter that does not involve the shareholders. If it is keeping them from participating in their daily duties in the company then that is when they need to talk to their boss, but not the shareholders as there will be way too many opinions, public talk/rumors, not what they need to be focused on. Therefore, I believe when dealing with a difficult family matter such as a divorce, a CEO should discuss the matter with other top executives to come up with the bestShow MoreRelatedSame Risks Of Private Vs Public972 Words   |  4 Pagesrisks in private versus public? Although subtle, differences do exist between publicly traded company and privately held companies. Public companies use the compensation plans as a tool to deliver the â€Å"right† amount of compensation such that it does not lead to unwanted scrutiny, whereas private companies wish to drive value creation. 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Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Retaining Talent with Salary Packaging

Question: Discuss about the Retaining Talent with Salary Packaging. Answer: Introduction: In increasingly aggressive employment markets, drawing and preserving talent has been one of the chief apprehensions of organizations. This competition might have eased off in recent years in some countries due to the ongoing financial crisis, but other accessible labor markets remain stiff for some professions. Organizations these days do offer attractive salary packages to retain employees because of tough competition. Employee retention level varies throughout the different industry sectors where certain organizations suffer internally that amplifies key employees turnover (Bradler et al., 2016). Organizations need to be effective with its HRM policies where they continuously need to motivate them to bring the best out of the employees. Employees motivational needs might be different though, with some believing in monetary compensation and some in other factors. For retaining good employees, that generates value for organizations, it is important to recruit them at first place. This method must be given consideration to an organizations long-term value. The aptitude of achieving competitive improvement through people depends in greater part on the symphony of the workforce. This is the function of who is hired, ways they are developed, and factors leading to what is retained. The main purpose of this essay is to focus on the different recognition schemes of McDonalds and the ways it has implemented those to bring the best out of its employees. Salary is a major factor that can retain employees but job satisfaction plays its part too. Employees do want recognition for their hard labor and effort, something that motivates them from their inner self to give in the best shot. Recruiting and retention is the responsibility of a companys HR department where Right people at Right job is essential. This essay would be an argumentative one where descriptive analysis of various theories would be taken into account associating them with the HRM policies of the company. Every theorys application in the company is focused on and how McDonalds has been able to make the best use of it. Secondary source of data have been taken in to understand the companys various policies and schemes for its employees. Retention should always begin at the time of recruitment. Companies like McDonalds have been practicing good recruitment policies since years, ensuring a selection process that allows full assessment of interests and abilities of candidates along with values and aspirations (, 2017). McDonalds Australia is one of the largest and flourishing companies of the country, employing about 75000 people. McDonalds is empowered with a network of operational staff known as internal consultants whose job is to supervise and support its restaurants meeting the criteria. McDonalds is in the habit of recruiting young people who start their professional lives with the company and ascertain protocols that would remain with them forever. From an organizations perspective, nurturing talent and authorizing high potentials are important in making the organizations future safe. McDonalds restaurants have employee enthusiasm built in their DNA. The restaurants of McDonalds do operate as a separate profit unit; however, employees have shown immense interest in appealing themselves in the teamwork concept and teaming up to make certain their restaurant remains as successful as possible. Each month, employees of top 10% McDonalds restaurants receive bonus based on the scores of mystery shoppers. Adding to that are the restaurant managers qualified for a quarterly bonus identified based on three equally weighted measures: growth in sales, mystery shoppers and productivity. As per Wilder, Collier Barnes, (2014), the intact management team is being allied as a team that is to be motivated, rewarded for attaining those metrics. The whole team is confronted to deliver the best possible customer service, as no one knows when the mystery shoppers might hop in. According to Treuren Frankish, (2014), considers that keeping recognition schemes fresh and exciting is important in maximizing staff motivation. McDonald initiates new programs and reinvents the obtainable ones to make sure they persist to appeal to employees. One of the highest-profile instances in the last few years have been the fruition of McDonalds employee of the month system into its Olympic Champion Crew (OCC) proposal, for which it won Most motivational benefits at the Employee benefits Awards 2013. McDonalds organizational culture supports the positioning goals of the companys industry. McDonalds have been influential enough in attracting both customers and qualified employees. An organizational culture of a firm classifies habits, traditions and values affecting behavior of workers. The organizational culture of McDonalds persuades learning and continuous evolution of organization reproduces the effectiveness of the firm in affecting the culture of organization. The organizational culture of McDonalds is characterized through individual learning, organizational learning, diversity and people-centricity. The managers working in McDonalds have always believed that their career opportunities lie with McDonalds and that training that has been very useful in the organization for helping people perform better. McDonald shapes future leaders from their own systems. About 80 percent of restaurant managers were part of McDonalds restaurant crew and the company believes that it is important to bring employees through the ranks of an organization implying they have a strong indulgence of the business focus and purpose. McDonald has always believed that investing on people is always necessary as it provides with higher return on investment. McDonald identifies that better-run process, customer service of highest quality and product quality results from spending in people (ArunKumar, 2014). McDonalds organizational structure is an unique one with five key strategy points like products, people, price, place and promotion. McDonald invests around $40 million in its training process, mainly for people at the frontline crew. HRM and the organizational goals have been inter related and an important aspect of McDonalds Corporation. McDonalds Corporation has been one of the most famous food chains in the world and a significant part of life of people of all age groups. The American restaurant has been executing a range of techniques and strategies of human resource for providing the required encouragement to employees and teaching them the leadership abilities and methods. It has been observed McDonalds employees display quality leadership as company managers and professionals persuade and stimulate employees. The business managers of McDonalds apply certain theories like Situation Leadership Theory (SLT) and Path-Goal theory in their working style. Company managers are implementing Situational Leadership theory (SLT) in order to fulfill the necessary requirements of the organizational employees. Through SLTs implementation, company managers are able to initiate changes and bring in innovation in their recruiting and assortment process and do not force them in following the style of the managers, but implement their own style and work accordingly. This independence that employees get in McDonalds helps them in flourishing and performing better. The company holds on to the principle, The result is done by man. According to Allisey et al., (2014), the business environment theory, the employees willingness concludes largely, the ways managers execute under precise situations. The human resource managers determine the relationship that exists between environment and enthusiasm of employees, strengthening the leadership skills and self-esteem. The Path-Goal Theory has been developed in defining the ways leaders motivate and assist employees in achieving the objectives. McDonalds managers imply the Path-Goal theory in motivating their subordinates and HR executives. According to this theory, employees do follow the behavior of leaders as they recognize it a source of stimulation and job satisfaction. McDonalds Corporation has applied this theory for motivating its employees in order to execute well as it provides opportunities like promotion, paid holidays and incentive for enhancement of satisfaction in job and motivation (Rayton Yalabik, 2014). The pay and reward program of McDonalds pursues pay for performance philosophy. They believe in bettering the results, which in turn would better the pay opportunities. This program witnesses five categories, which are base pay, long-term incentives, short-term incentives, company car program and recognition program (Yousaf et al., 2014). These five types of pay and rewards lead employees to enjoy benefits and perform better. McDonalds Your Future Program boasts of sharing profit and savings plan, MCDirect shares and other financial planning services that takes care of existing and future financial needs of employees. Motivating employees is never easy with employees often getting bored with their present jobs. According to Mountford, (2013), employees might have different needs under different circumstances and it is hard to fulfill the needs of employees at a single time. McDonalds offers business functions of twenty-five different types for employees to look for opportunities in jobs like Communications, Environmental Affairs and Product development. The benefits, recognition and compensation programs have been premeditated to magnetize, employ and retain talented people, delivering strong performance and assisting the company in achieving business goals and objectives (Terera Ngirande, 2014). Four categories have been organized like Your pay and Rewards, Investing in Your future, helping balance your Work and Life and your health and Protection which takes into account most of the employee needs. McDonalds have accomplished Maslows second level need hierarchy theory. The companys recognition programs are designed in a way that identifies and rewards the strong performers. McDonalds also awards LTI stocks to qualified employees to generate an association between McDonalds business future performance and its rewards for those who are at present in fu ture might grow into a level that can persuade results in the long-term basis. However, individuals have different thoughts and needs that might not be applicable to others. For example, McDonalds might announce a 30% bonus on over-achievement of sales where employees might be assiduous and work harder to attain the target with some not putting in that extra yard to achieve that is on offer. They might be satisfied with what they get on normal basis. According to performance to outcome theory, McDonalds managers have a propensity to reward employees with a base pay along with an incentive pay. This practice in the company is known as Target incentive Plan (TIP) that is in the process of linking performance of employees with the business performance supporting the performance of individuals (De Gieter Hofmans, 2015). McDonalds focus has always been on expectancies regarding to performance. The aim has always been to motivate and increase the belief among employees that they are competent of performing well. McDonald has always been known for providing the best customer services. In order to attain that objective, the organization needs to offer training for all the employees. Generally the company offers five types of training which are shift management (manager trainees), system management (second assistant managers), restaurant management (first assistant managers), crew development (new hires), and business management (manager s of restaurant). Such training procedures have been beneficial for all the employees at all levels in improving themselves and learn things essential for their career progression. The expectancy theory appears idealistic as few individuals recognize high correlation degree between performance and rewards (Gursoy, Chi Karadag, 2013). All the employees have different thoughts and attitude towards their job role and some might not be that interested with goals of the organization. Moreover, this theorys application is limited in the sense that employees reward system is not directly correlated with performance in their organizations. The expectancy theory portrays that performance of employees increase at the time when the company increases its reward and recognition schemes. Monetary benefits takes due care of employees extrinsic motivation whereas, intrinsic motivation is all about other job related factors and facts associated with it (Oladapo, 2014). McDonalds success rate characteristics depend on three factors, which are consistency, innovation and resiliency. McDonalds has always believed in offering service, excellence and assessment to its customers for which they have shown immense loyalty. Customers walking into McDonalds restaurants know what they anticipate and rely on knowledge during time of decision-making. Innovation is a factor that has assisted McDonalds in its continuous growth (Al Ariss, Cascio Paauwe, 2014). McDonalds product offerings have been able to develop along with the changing tastes and preferences of customers. Innovations in menu have permitted the company to embrace product offerings. Lastly, McDonalds have been able to weather storms and in its path towards global leadership have come across several challenges and dealt them successfully. Equality is another factor that McDonalds has always believed in. It has never been the scenario where not all employees have been eligible for its reward and recognition problems. Both the company-owned restaurants and franchisees remain eligible for titles like Restaurant of the Quarter and Restaurant of the Year, earning them a day or night out, sponsored by employer. McDonalds motivation and recognition schemes included service awards, identifying employees service at an interval of five years, restaurant of the year, Ray Kroc Award for business managers, champion of the month, eventually feeding into employee of the year scheme and restaurant bonus schemes (McPhail et al., 2015). McDonald ensures that all the employees understand its core policy, Recognition of Performance. This policy needs to be recognized as a necessary configuration by every employee and the personnel management system that needs to be effective in encouraging their motivation (Tornikoski, Suutari Festing, 2014). Conducting fair and sufficient evaluations is a significant factor in achieving this. An issue that the company desires to face is arriving at estimation of results that are credible to the employees, which is crucial to its growth and expansion. For non-profit organizations, exposing its existence is an important step towards its effort of recruiting staffs and volunteers. Non-profit organizations rely on two basic avenues for publicizing the work and their staffing needs. Training is important for managements of successful non-profit organization but at times they fail to understand that their training should be in a way that covers all the members within the organization and not only the compensated employees. An organization of McDonalds stature invests around $40 million for its annual training program, which is not feasible for a non-profit organization. The company under discussion, Spastic Centre can invest only $16,500 in expenses on anything that includes an allowance related to meal entertainment. McDonald have the capability of recruiting candidates that are technically apt and can attract them with high salary packages in order to retain them for years and reap the benefit out of the. Likewise, non-profit firms d o compete in recruiting high quality candidates with their private counterparts. In the recent scenario, graduates have started showing interest in organizations having social purpose and accountability along with compensation based on their merit (Li et al., 2014). However, profitable and non-profitable organizations should be managed in the same way. Managing volunteers is parallel to that of paid staffs where their roles should be clearly specified, properly recruited, trained and oriented properly. Spastic Center needs to take into account of managing their approach towards employee benefits, compensation, and policies of personnel and records of employees. Non-profit organizations like Spastic needs to carry out these actions themselves as affording a full or part time help can be an issue. Successful non-profit organization managers have stated that the need of motivation among employees is even greater in non-profit organizations (Temminck, Mearns Fruhen, 2015). Even the paid staff of the organization needs accomplishment, service satisfaction, or else they would become hostile at certain point. Spastic Center leaders need to look out for ways through which they can display their paid staff, volunteers and their leadership the ways they can get involved in the company, making a difference. If one is not contributing, there is no need to work in a non-profit organization. It can be concluded that McDonalds do have recognition program that motivates employees to perform better as for the benefits that are associated with the same. Employees perform better when they are provided with a scenario where they can motivate themselves and others to give their best shot. McDonald has a training process dedicated to improve the skill level of employees and they invest huge money in those training facilities so that their employees attain that required standard desired for customer service. Only if customers are satisfied with the service and quality of McDonald will they come again to experience that at least one more time. Recognition works as a motivational factor not only for employees attaining the same but also others who can take a leaf out of their book and work accordingly. Non-profit organizations have limited financial capability through which it has to manage every activity of its. 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